У нас вы можете скачать книгу Naufragios: Nivel quinto C1 (+ CD) Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca в fb2, txt, PDF, EPUB, doc, rtf, jar, djvu, lrf!
La realidad historica descrita supera a la mas emocionante fantasia de las novelas de aventuras. Actividades especificas para el desarrollo de las cuatro destrezas Dossier sobre Cristianos, Espa? Audio con retazos de la narracion. А Вы знали что можно писать отзывы на товары, которыми Вы пользовались и зарабатывать на этом?
Dos semanas con los ticos: Испанский язык через Библию. Misterio en el Mallorca Gran Hotel: Cuentos de La Selva: Военный опыт и знание административного права позволили ему записаться альгвасилом и казначеем готовящейся экспедиции во Флориду. Зиму корабли простояли на Кубе и к побережью Флориды подошли только 12 апреля года. В прибрежном селенье индейцев тимуква Панфило де Нарваэс обнаружил золотую безделушку. Эта находка побудила губернатора оставить флот и углубиться в сельву Флориды на поиски золота, где многие конкистадоры погибли от голода, болезней и атак индейцев.
Добравшись на самодельных лодках до устья Миссисипи , большинство испанцев, среди которых был Панфило де Нарваэс, мощным течением были выброшены в открытое море. Индейцы отнеслись к пришельцам дружелюбно и помогли им выжить, но потом обратили всех в рабство. К началу следующего года голод, холода и болезни сократили число испанцев до пятнадцати человек.
Через год Кабеса де Вака был продан индейцам чорруко , жившим на материке, где его и ещё нескольких испанцев заставили постигать основы знахарства и шаманизма. Спустя шесть лет рабства испанцам удалось сбежать. Кабеса де Вака к тому времени выучил шесть индейских языков и получил репутацию великого целителя .
Он повёл двух выживших соотечественников и негра-раба вглубь материка, в пути исцеляя больных и раненных индейцев. The expedition continued to Cuba, where Cabeza de Vaca took two ships to recruit more men and buy supplies. They anchored near what is now known as the Jungle Prada Site in St.
Petersburg , claiming this land as a possession of the Spanish crown. After communicating with the Native Americans, the Spanish heard rumours that a city named Apalachen was full of food and gold. They pushed on through the swamps, harassed by the Native Americans.
A few Spanish men were killed and more wounded. When they arrived in Aute, they found that the inhabitants had burned down the village and left. But the fields had not been harvested, so at least the Spanish scavenged food there. Slaughtering and eating their remaining horses, they gathered the stirrups, spurs, horseshoes and other metal items.
They fashioned a bellows from deer hide to make a fire hot enough to forge tools and nails. They used these in making five primitive boats to use to get to Mexico.
Cabeza de Vaca commanded one of these vessels, each of which held 50 men. Depleted of food and water, the men followed the coast westward. But when they reached the mouth of the Mississippi River , the powerful current swept them out into the Gulf, where the five rafts were separated by a hurricane.
Two crafts with about 40 survivors each, including Cabeza de Vaca, wrecked on or near Galveston Island now part of Texas. Out of the 80 or so survivors, only 15 lived past that winter.
As the number of survivors dwindled rapidly, they were enslaved for a few years by various American Indian tribes of the upper Gulf Coast. Because Cabeza de Vaca survived and prospered from time to time, some scholars argue that he was not enslaved but using a figure of speech. He and other noblemen were accustomed to better living. Their encounters with harsh conditions and weather, and being required to work like native women must have seemed like slavery.
Traveling mostly with this small group, Cabeza de Vaca explored what is now the U. He traveled on foot through the then-colonized territories of Texas and the coast. He continued through Coahuila and Nueva Vizcaya ; then down the Gulf of California coast to what is now Sinaloa, Mexico, over a period of roughly eight years. Throughout those years, Cabeza de Vaca and the other men adapted to the lives of the indigenous people they stayed with, whom he later described as Roots People, the Fish and Blackberry People, or the Fig People, depending on their principal foods.
During his wanderings, passing from tribe to tribe, Cabeza de Vaca later reported that he developed sympathies for the indigenous peoples. He became a trader and a healer, which gave him some freedom to travel among the tribes. His group attracted numerous native followers, who regarded them as "children of the sun", endowed with the power to heal and destroy. Many natives were said to accompany the explorers on their journey across what is now known as the American Southwest and northern Mexico.
From there he sailed back to Europe in Numerous researchers have tried to trace his route across the Southwest. As he did not begin writing his chronicle until back in Spain, he had to rely on memory. Cabeza de Vaca was uncertain of his route. Aware that his recollection has numerous errors in chronology and geography, historians have worked to put together pieces of the puzzle to discern his paths. The colony comprised parts of what is now Argentina , Paraguay , and Uruguay.
Cabeza de Vaca was assigned to find a usable route from this colony to the colony in Peru, on the other side of the Andes Mountains on the Pacific Coast. En route, he disembarked from his fleet at Santa Catarina Island in modern Brazil.
Once Irala returned and reported, Cabeza de Vaca planned his own expedition.